Tourism and history

Most of the tourists arrive in Palestine for religious tourism, because of the important holy places, both Islamic and Christian in Palestine.

Starting from Jerusalem the city that is considered holy for Islam, Christianity, and Judaism, is one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world. Archaeological excavations show that the history of the city began more than 5,000 years ago. Among its 220 historic monuments are Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock, built in the seventh century, which stand as magnificent pieces of architecture. It is also home to the Church of the Holy Sepulcher, which houses Christ’s tomb.

As well, city of Bethlehem is holy to both Christians and Muslims. It is acknowledged as the birthplace of Jesus Christ – who is known as the Son of God in Christian belief and as a divinely inspired prophet by Muslims. The Church of the Nativity, a Byzantine basilica, was built by Helena (the mother of Emperor Constantine) to commemorate Jesus’ birth. It is built on top of a cave where, according to a tradition first documented in the second century AD, Jesus was born. It was first dedicated in 339 AD.

The church is the central feature of Bethlehem and is surrounded by other important sites related to Christ’s birth.

Beitsahour

This historic town, whose name means “Place of the Night Watch,” in reference to the shepherds who keep watch over their flocks by night, lies one-kilometer east of Bethlehem. In the past, the Canaanites inhabited its numerous caves, and today it is the home of many churches and convents. Churches now mark the sites of Shepherds’ Fields, the Field of Ruth and the Well of Our Lady.

As well, historically; Jericho is the oldest city on earth which is also the lowest (258 meters below sea level), a very beautiful city which is full of history and interesting places to visit, like monastery of temptation (deir quruntel), Hisham Palace , the Russian museum and Qumran.

Located 15 kilometers south of Jericho on the western shore of the Dead Sea, this is the site where the famous Dead Sea Scrolls were found. A Palestinian shepherd who was looking for a stray goat made the discovery of the scrolls in 1947.

The scrolls consist of copies of biblical and apocryphal literature, the writings of the sect, including the Commentaries, the Rule of the Community, the Scroll of the War of the Sons of Light against the Sons of Darkness, and the Damascus Document. The dates of these scrolls range from the second century BC to 68 AD, but they date mainly from the first century BC.

And for cultural events and festivals, Ramallah is the bride of Palestine, there you can find museums, art galleries, theatres, parks, restaurants, and active nightlife. It also offers a variety of services for visitors, including comfortable places to stay, some of Palestine’s best restaurants, good transport, and hospitable, friendly people.

As well most of the cultural events take a place in Ramallah, like the modern dancing festival, lab cinema festival, and many other activities and events.

The Taybeh town, which is also near Ramallah, hosts an annual Oktoberfest-style Beer festival, which complements the wide variety of traditional festivals that are held annually in Palestine.

As well, the town of Birzeit is located in the hills, approximately ten kilometers north of Ramallah. It is identified as ancient Berzetho, from the Greek-Roman period. It was first occupied during the Bronze Age as attested by the site Tell ar-Ras, which is north of the town. It was continuously inhabited during the Iron Age and the Greek-Roman period, as indicated by archaeological evidence at a site known as Khirbet Birzeit. The buildings in the center of town were built during the Mamluk and Ottoman periods. Today, Birzeit is home to Birzeit University, the oldest university in Palestine, which was founded in 1924.

Nablus

The city of Nablus is known for its olive oil soap, talented goldsmiths, and traditional sweets like , Nablusi kefaneh, also the old town is a very interesting place to visit with the old allies and markets.

Gaza

Gaza City used to be considered as the economic center for a region where citrus fruits and other crops are grown. The city is famous for its hand-woven carpets, wicker furniture, and pottery. Famous also for its fresh seafood, Gaza has numerous restaurants along the beach as well as public parks where visitors can enjoy the pleasant Mediterranean breeze.

Dead sea

Dead Sea the lowest point on Earth. In addition, the Dead Sea is the world’s saltiest large water body, with a salt concentration ten times higher than that of the Mediterranean.

Palestine has many religious, historical, and modern places to visit, but unfortunately, tourism to Palestine is, is hindered by the Israeli occupation.


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